Thyroid disease: Causes, symptoms, cure, remedies

Prameyanews English

Published By : Prameya News Bureau | November 30, 2023 IST

Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.

Bhubaneswar, Nov 30: Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including metabolism, energy production, and hormone balance. 

 

There are two main types of thyroid disorders: hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). 

 

Causes:

Hypothyroidism Causes:

 

  • Autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's disease): The immune system attacks the thyroid gland.
  • Surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
  • Radiation therapy to the neck.
  • Certain medications.

Hyperthyroidism Causes:

 

  • Graves' disease: An autoimmune disorder causing the thyroid to produce excess hormones.
  • Toxic adenomas: Nodules that develop in the thyroid and produce too much thyroid hormone.
  • Subacute thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid, often following a viral infection.

 

Symptoms:

Hypothyroidism Symptoms:

 

  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Weight gain.
  • Cold intolerance.
  • Dry skin and hair.
  • Depression.
  • Muscle aches and joint pain.
  • Constipation.

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms:

 

  • Weight loss.
  • Rapid heart rate.
  • Anxiety and irritability.
  • Tremors.
  • Sweating.
  • Heat intolerance.
  • Changes in menstrual patterns.

 

Diagnosis:

 

  • Blood tests: Measure thyroid hormone levels (T3, T4, and TSH).
  • Imaging: Ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to assess the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid scan: Involves ingesting or injecting a small amount of radioactive material to visualize the thyroid.

Cure:

 

Medication:

Hypothyroidism is often treated with synthetic thyroid hormones (levothyroxine).

Hyperthyroidism may be managed with medications that reduce hormone production (methimazole, propylthiouracil) or radioactive iodine.


Radioactive Iodine Therapy:

Common for hyperthyroidism, where radioactive iodine is taken orally, and it damages the thyroid cells.


Surgery:

Partial or total thyroidectomy (removal of the thyroid gland) may be necessary in certain cases.


Remedies and Lifestyle Changes:


Dietary Changes:

Ensure sufficient iodine intake (iodized salt, seafood).

Consider a balanced diet with selenium-rich foods (nuts, seeds, fish).

Limit goitrogenic foods (raw cruciferous vegetables) in large quantities.


Stress Management:

Chronic stress can impact thyroid function; practices like yoga and meditation may help.


Regular Exercise:

Physical activity can support overall well-being and may help regulate thyroid function.


Regular Monitoring:

Regular check-ups and monitoring of thyroid hormone levels are crucial.

It's important to note that individual cases may vary, and treatment should be tailored to each person's specific condition. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of thyroid disorders.

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Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.
Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck.

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