World Tuberculosis Day 2024: Why TB vaccines essential ?

Prameyanews English

Published By : Prameya News Bureau | March 23, 2024 IST

World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease

World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease. TB is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs and can be transmitted through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It remains one of the world's deadliest infectious diseases, causing millions of deaths each year.

 

Your theme underscores the ongoing challenges in combating TB and the need for new vaccines to address the disease burden effectively. Vaccines play a crucial role in preventing infectious diseases, including tuberculosis. Currently, the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is the only vaccine available for TB prevention, but it has limitations, such as variable efficacy against pulmonary TB in adults.

 

The development of new and more effective TB vaccines is essential for several reasons:

 

Improved Protection: New vaccines could offer better protection against TB, especially in populations where the BCG vaccine has limited effectiveness, such as adults and those with compromised immune systems.

 

Targeting Different Strains: TB bacteria can mutate and develop drug resistance, making it challenging to treat. New vaccines could target different strains of TB bacteria, including drug-resistant strains, enhancing overall control efforts.

 

Boosting Immunity: Some individuals may not develop sufficient immunity after receiving the BCG vaccine. New vaccines could help boost immune responses, providing additional protection against TB infection and disease progression.

 

Reducing Transmission: Vaccines that prevent TB infection or reduce the severity of the disease can contribute to reducing transmission rates, ultimately helping to control the spread of TB within communities.

 

Efforts to develop new TB vaccines involve extensive research and collaboration among scientists, public health organizations, governments, and pharmaceutical companies. These efforts aim to identify promising vaccine candidates, conduct preclinical and clinical trials, and ensure their safety and efficacy before widespread implementation.

 

On World Tuberculosis Day and beyond, raising awareness about the need for new TB vaccines and supporting research and development efforts are critical steps in the global fight against this devastating disease.

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World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease
World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease
World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease
World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease
World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the efforts to eliminate the disease

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