New Delhi, Oct 10: With Coal India being the largest loser with 73,800 jobs at risk till 2050, globally coal miners face the harsh prospect of job layoffs due to scheduled mine closures and a market shift toward cheaper wind and solar power generation, whether or not their home country has a coal phase-out policy in place.
An average of 100 workers per day face potential unemployment by 2035, a new report from Global Energy Monitor said on Tuesday.
Data from the Global Coal Mine Tracker provide a first-of-its-kind look into employment at 4,300 active and proposed coal mines and projects around the world that are cumulatively responsible for more than 90 per cent of global coal production.
To estimate potential job losses, the Global Coal Mine Tracker records an operation’s reported “life of mine” -- that is, how long coal companies intend to extract coal at the site under existing leases, permits, available reserves, and other economic considerations.
This dataset captures nearly 2.7 million coal miners directly employed at the world’s operating coal mines, and finds that the coal industry is expected to shed nearly half a million jobs in the mining sector by 2035, affecting on average 100 workers per day, underlining the urgency of action to prevent widespread social and economic strife.
Coal mining jobs have an outsize role in remote coal regions where they are anchors of economic activity and sustain ancillary workforces and employment in local consumer and information economies.
The vast majority of these workers are in Asia (2.2 million jobs), with China and India expected to bear the brunt of coal mine closures. China has more than 1.5 million coal miners who produce over 85 per cent of its coal, which accounts for half of the world’s output.
The northern provinces of Shanxi, Henan, and Inner Mongolia mine over one-quarter of the world’s coal and employ 32 per cent of the global mining workforce -- approximately 8,70,400 people.
India, the world’s second largest coal producer, has a workforce about half the size of China’s Shanxi province. The country officially employs approximately 3,37,400 miners at its operating mines, though some studies suggest the local mining sector has four “informal” employees for every one direct employee.
State-owned Coal India is the world’s coal producer facing the most potential layoffs of 73,800 direct workers by 2050, underlining the imperative that governments remain involved in planning for coal worker transitions.
The coal industry itself shoulders responsibility for the sector’s unpredictable future. Global Energy Monitor has found that most mines expected to close in the coming decades have no planning underway to extend the life of those operations or to manage a transition into a post-coal economy.
Responding to the report, Sandeep Pai, Director, Swaniti, told IANS, “This kind of work is very crucial for understanding the social-economic implications of energy transition. Specifically, this level of data would go a long way in shaping just transition policies for fossil fuel workers around the world.
“For example, this kind of baseline data could help estimate the scale of job creation required for transitioning workers in the fossil fuel industry.”