Bhubaneswar, June 28: Spondylitis is a type of chronic arthritis-type diseases affecting the joints of the spine and sacroiliac region. The sacroiliac region includes the pelvis and lower spine.
All types of spondylitis involve inflammation of the joints, tendons, and ligaments. Tendons are connective tissues that attach muscle to bone, while ligaments are connective tissues that attach bones to other bones.
Symptoms of Spondylitis:
-Lower back pain and stiffness, particularly after long periods of rest
-Radiating, rather than localized, back pain
-Pain often starts on one side and spreads to other
-Fever and loss of appetite during early stages.
-Painful breathing and limited breathing capacity – caused by curvature of the spine, inflammation and scarring of the lungs, or if joints between the ribs and spine are affected.
-Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and swelling.
-Short-term use of corticosteroids to relieve pain and swelling.
-Tumor-necrosis-factor (TNF) blockers to reduce pain, stiffness, and swelling.
-Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to decrease inflammation and slow progress of spondylitis.
-Short-term use of pain relievers and muscle relaxants to relieve severe pain and reduce muscle spasms.
-Surgery – to replace a joint, to place rods in the spine, or to remove parts of thickened and hardened bone.
-Physical therapy and exercise to strengthen back muscles, maintain flexibility, and promote an ideal posture.
Natural way to cure Spondylitis:
Exercise: Strengthening exercises with weights can help build muscle, which supports joint.
Massage therapy:Massage may cause pain at tender points around your spine. If this occurs, avoid those areas, and only use light massage techniques until the pain improves.
Acupuncture: Acupuncture is a complementary therapy that involves inserting thin needles into specific points in your skin. This is thought to activate your body’s pain-relieving hormones.
Cold therapy: Applying an ice pack, cold gel pack, or a bag of frozen vegetables to painful joints can help reduce swelling. After exercise, cold therapy may help reduce inflammation.(Don’t apply more than 20 min).
Stretching: Stretching helps build flexibility and may reduce pain. Consider adding spine stretches or lower back stretches (like the trunk rotation stretch) to your daily routine.