Bhubaneswar, May 20: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), a disease with an unknown cause, can be treated to keep the illness under control and prevent complications, Dr. Manoj Kumar Sahu, Head of the department of Gastroenterology at the IMS and SUM Hospital, said.
“IBD is a group of chronic inflammatory conditions that can affect any part of our body, predominantly the digestive tract. It primarily includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease,” he told a meeting held in the department to mark the World IBD Day on Sunday.
Pointing out that IBD could affect anyone across the world and was common to Odisha, Dr. Sahu said the effects of these diseases were largely invisible. “We need to join hands together to make it visible, decrease the suffering and ensure a better quality of life to the patient,” he added.
The theme for this year’s World IBD Day was “making the invisible visible”.
Describing these as painful and medically incurable diseases which attacked the digestive system causing abdominal pain, persistent diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, fever, weight loss and in some cases cancers of the intestine, he said it could also affect the joints, skin, bones, kidneys, liver and the eyes.
“IBD is a disease with an unknown cause and appears to be influenced by genetic and environmental factors,” Dr. Sahu said adding every patient experienced IBD differently.
These diseases are diagnosed based on symptoms, signs and certain diagnostic tests but if the health care professionals were not aware about the conditions, they were usually not diagnosed and not treated properly causing the patients to suffer lifelong, he told the audience which also comprised patients.
On this day, he said, organizations from 50 countries in five continents participated in awareness raising activities to focus on the debilitating nature of these chronic incurable digestive diseases.
Dr. Jimmy Narayan, Associate Professor in the department, also spoke on the occasion.